Use standard LaTeX syntax for inline and displayed mathematical text.

Inline formulas: \(a^2 + b^2 = c^2\)

Displayed formulas \[ \int_{-\infty}^\infty e^{-x^2/2} dx = \sqrt{2\pi} \]


Use Asciidoc-LaTeX environments for theorems.

Theorem 1.
There are infinitely primes
Theorem 2.
The series \[ \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{1}{n} \] is divergent

The text oresme after the hash mark is a label for cross-referencing, as in the example

I refer you to Theorem 2.

Environments in general. Instead of saying [env.theorem], you can say [env.lemma], [env.definition], etc. These environments are numbered separately.

Equation environment. This is one of the special environments, treated differently from the others:

\[ \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{1}{n} = \infty \]

If the environment has a label, it is numbered:

\[ \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{1}{n^2} = \frac{\pi^2}{6} \] (1)

We can then refer to it like this:

The series 1 is extremely cool!

Equationalign environment

\[\begin{split} a &= bc \\ b &= x + y \\ c &= x - y \\ a &= x^2 - y^2 \end{split}\]

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